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Why T-Cell Testing Is Necessary For Long-Term Approach To Coronavirus

When the COVID-19 pandemic began, medical researchers and scientists were put to the test when it came to finding a solution that kept the spread and the rate of serious illness down as much as possible. The first choice for doing so was developing an effective vaccine that could be given to as many people as possible in the hopes that it would prevent the long-term spread and infection rates. Now that the vaccines have been rolled out, there is a bit more breathing room to develop other forms of testing and management techniques when it comes to COVID-19.

One such testing route that has been making headlines recently is T-cell testing. T-cell testing can be used to help track and evaluate how well vaccines are working, as well as immunity rates across populations that have been most heavily affected. It could also be used to determine just how long a vaccine will be effective for. But what is T-cell testing, exactly? And how is it going to help prevent the spread of COVID-19?

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How To Identify Lyme Disease Rashes (And Their Lookalikes)

Lyme disease is a bacterial infection transmitted to humans through tick bites. When a tick infected with the borrelia bacteria manages to transfer it to a person, they may experience symptoms such as fever, chills, muscles and joint aches, headache, fatigue, and swollen lymph nodes. In some cases of Lyme disease, a rash will also develop. The rash most commonly associated with Lyme disease appears as a red bulls-eye shape. In medical terms, it is referred to as erythema migrans.

In as many as 30% of people with Lyme disease, however, a rash may not appear at all, or a different type of rash can develop that resembles that of various other conditions. To help determine if you have become infected with Lyme disease, it’s important to know what the rash looks like, what it could resemble, and at what stage in the disease it appears. Read on to learn how to identify Lyme disease rashes (and how to differentiate between their lookalikes).

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Can Lyme Disease Cause PANDAS?

Lyme disease can affect both physical and mental health in various ways. The disease, transmitted by infected ticks, is caused by the borrelia bacteria. When Lyme disease is not treated promptly, it can lead to health issues such as cognitive decline, joint pain and inflammation, arthritic conditions, and nervous system issues. Lyme disease has also been associated with the onset or worsening of other health conditions.

If a child contracts Lyme disease, they can also develop a condition known as PANDAS. But what is PANDAS, exactly? And can Lyme disease cause PANDAS directly?

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How To Identify PANDAS In Children

PANDAS is the acronym for the health condition known as “pediatric autoimmune neuropsychiatric disorders associated with streptococcus”. It is a syndrome that can occur after a child contracts an infection caused by the Streptococcus pyogenes bacteria.

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What Is The Role Of IgG In Immune Response?

Each cell, protein, vitamin and nutrient in the body plays a role in how well the immune system functions, as well as the way it regulates and maintains its power to fight off harmful pathogens. Key cells and proteins that work together within the immune system include cytokines, lymphocytes, neutrophils, macrophages, complement proteins, and antibodies.

Antibodies, in particular, have special roles to play when it comes to your immunity. There are five in total, each serving a specific purpose. IgM antibodies, for example, are produced to hunt pathogens and mark them for destruction. The IgE antibody was recently found to have a role in allergies and the response of the immune system when an allergen enters the system. Certain lymphocytes called B cells rely on IgD to help produce new antibodies, and IgA is found in serum, nasal discharge, saliva, and breast milk and plays a role in maternal immunity, among other things.

The most prevalent antibody, however, is IgG. It makes up over 70% of all antibodies found in the system and is the only one that can pass through placenta, essentially protecting newborns in the womb and for a week after birth. It protects the body as a whole after being transported to blood and tissue. But what is the role of IgG in immune response, exactly?

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