New ELISpot Test For Ehrlichia: How It Works

With Lyme disease visibility on the rise, there is much higher awareness of the real dangers this disease presents than there was ten years ago. Reported Lyme cases are going up every year, although this could potentially be attributed to the disease becoming more widely known. Lyme disease is quite easy to prevent, as we know exactly where it comes from and how to stop it; the causative bacteria (Borrelia) is transmitted to humans via tick bite, and in the early stages, the disease is easily treatable via antibiotics. If the acute Lyme window is missed, however, the chronic stage will inevitably develop some time after. Chronic Lyme is much more complicated to diagnose and treat, not least because the symptoms present differently for every patient.

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What to Do if You Think You’ve Been Infected with Bartonella Bacteria

What is Bartonella Bacteria?

There are several different species of Bartonella bacteria, which are small intracellular parasites that cause the illness bartonellosis. They infect red blood cells, macrophages (a type of white blood cell), and endothelial cells.

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What to Do If You Think You’ve Been Infected with the Babesia Parasite

What is the Babesia Parasite?

Babesia is a single-celled parasite that infects the red blood cells. The most common strain known to cause illness in the United States is Babesia microti. Infection with Babesia is called babesiosis.

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Lyme Co-Infections: What Is Mycoplasma Pneumoniae?

Lyme has increased in visibility lately, with hundreds of thousands of new cases being confirmed every year. However, we still know comparatively little about this potentially devastating disease. We know there are two distinct forms of it, acute and chronic, and we know that the former is easily treatable while the latter is not. We also know that the Lyme bacteria, Borrelia burgdorferi, is spread exclusively through tick bites. Most people correctly associate Lyme with tick bites. But comparatively few are aware of the complications that co-infections can cause. Mycoplasma pneumoniae is one of the more prominent co-infections that can infect simultaneously with Lyme disease, and its multi-faced symptoms can be severely debilitating for patients.

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Lyme Co-Infections: What Is Anaplasmosis/Ehrlichiosis?

Lyme disease operates insidiously in many ways. The actual mechanism of the disease, which essentially forces the immune system to attack the body, is one significant way. The base statistics, which are currently estimated to be 300,000 new cases a year, are yet another; it’s assumed that there are far more incidences of Lyme out there, due to underreporting and continued misdiagnosis. A third primary way that Lyme disease acts insidiously is that it rarely infects a patient alone. Through a single tick bite, the Lyme causative Borrelia burgdorferi bacteria can potentially be transmitted. However, many other strains of bacteria also have the potential to be transmitted. These are called Lyme co-infections, and one of the most common is known as anaplasmosis/ehrlichiosis.

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